Publications

  • Robert L. Boyd, Sociological Focus, “Immigrant Retail Entrepreneurship and Urban Black Population Size in the Late Nineteenth-Ce
    Robert L. Boyd, Sociological Focus, “Immigrant Retail Entrepreneurship and Urban Black Population Size in the Late Nineteenth-Century United States.” 51 (2018):69-77.
  • Robert L. Boyd, Race and Social Problems, “Black Women Social Workers in the Great Depression: A Test of Sheltered Labor Market
    Robert L. Boyd, Race and Social Problems, “Black Women Social Workers in the Great Depression: A Test of Sheltered Labor Market Theory.” (doi.org/10.1007/s12552-017-9220-2).
  • Robert L. Boyd, The Social Science Journal, “Survivalist Entrepreneurship in the Great Depression.” 53 (2016):339-345
    Robert L. Boyd, The Social Science Journal, “Survivalist Entrepreneurship in the Great Depression.” 53 (2016):339-345
  • Geoforum
    Robert L. Boyd, Geoforum, "Urban Locations and Black Metropolis Resilience in the Great Depression."
  • GeoJournal
    Robert L. Boyd, GeoJournal, "The Early Twentieth-Century 'Black Metropolis': Urban Geograhic Principles."
  • Cover for Dr. Robert Boyd, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, “The “Black Metropolis” in the American Urban System of the Early Twentieth Century: Harlem, Bronzeville, and Beyond”
    Dr. Robert Boyd, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, “The “Black Metropolis” in the American Urban System of the Early Twentieth Century: Harlem, Bronzeville, and Beyond”
  • Cover for Dr. Robert Boyd, Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, "Self-Employment and Public Emergency Work in Urban Labor Markets During the Great Depression: The Case of Industrial Cities.”
    Dr. Robert Boyd, Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, "Self-Employment and Public Emergency Work in Urban Labor Markets During the Great Depression: The Case of Industrial Cities.”
  • Cover for Dr. Robert Boyd, Sociological Spectrum, "Residential Segregation, Region and the Dream of Black Metropolis in the Early Twentieth Century” 
    Dr. Robert Boyd, Sociological Spectrum, "Residential Segregation, Region and the Dream of Black Metropolis in the Early Twentieth Century” 
  • Giesen, J. M.; Crudden, A., & LeJeune, B. M. (2017). Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) beneficiaries who are blind or
    Giesen, J. M.; Crudden, A., & LeJeune, B. M. (2017). Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) beneficiaries who are blind or visually impaired: Working to improve employment outcomes: An evidence-based practice guide for vocational rehabilitation agencies and staff.
  • Crudden
    Cmar, J., McDonnall, M., and Crudden, A., 2018, "Transportation Self-Efficay and Employment among Individuals with Visual Impairments," Jounral of Vocational Rehabilitaiton 48(2018)( 257-268.

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